TypeError: urlopen() got multiple values for keyword argument 'body' while trying Selenium on Xubuntu 14.04.5

Environment

# lsb_release -a
No LSB modules are available.
Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description:    Ubuntu 14.04.5 LTS
Release:    14.04
Codename:   trusty

python --version
Python 2.7.6

pip --version
pip 18.1 from /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pip (python 2.7)

Selenium

pip install selenium
Requirement already satisfied: selenium in /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (3.141.0)
Requirement already satisfied: urllib3 in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (from selenium) (1.7.1)

Chrome driver for linux 64bit install

I tried several version, but all lead to the same new problem

rm ~/Downloads/chromedriver_linux64.zip \
wget -N http://chromedriver.storage.googleapis.com/2.26/chromedriver_linux64.zip -P ~/Downloads; \
unzip ~/Downloads/chromedriver_linux64.zip -d ~/Downloads; \
chmod +x ~/Downloads/chromedriver; \
rm /usr/local/share/chromedriver; \
sudo mv -f ~/Downloads/chromedriver /usr/local/share/chromedriver; \
rm /usr/local/bin/chromedriver; \
sudo ln -s /usr/local/share/chromedriver /usr/local/bin/chromedriver; \
rm /usr/bin/chromedriver; \
sudo ln -s /usr/local/share/chromedriver /usr/bin/chromedriver; \
ls -al /usr/bin/chromedriver; \
ls -al /usr/local/bin/chromedriver; \
ls -al /usr/local/share/chromedriver

... tried

# wget -N http://chromedriver.storage.googleapis.com/2.21/chromedriver_linux64.zip -P ~/Downloads
# wget -N http://chromedriver.storage.googleapis.com/2.27/chromedriver_linux64.zip -P ~/Downloads
# wget -N http://chromedriver.storage.googleapis.com/2.33/chromedriver_linux64.zip -P ~/Downloads
# wget -N http://chromedriver.storage.googleapis.com/2.43/chromedriver_linux64.zip -P ~/Downloads
# wget -N http://chromedriver.storage.googleapis.com/71.0.3578.33/chromedriver_linux64.zip -P ~/Downloads

Test script test.py

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.desired_capabilities import DesiredCapabilities    
# enable browser logging
d = DesiredCapabilities.CHROME
d['loggingPrefs'] = { 'browser':'ALL' }
driver = webdriver.Chrome(desired_capabilities=d)
# load some site
driver.get('http://foo.com')
# print messages
for entry in driver.get_log('browser'):
    print entry

Error

python test.py 
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "test.py", line 6, in <module>
    driver = webdriver.Chrome(desired_capabilities=d)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/chrome/webdriver.py", line 81, in __init__
    desired_capabilities=desired_capabilities)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 157, in __init__
    self.start_session(capabilities, browser_profile)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 252, in start_session
    response = self.execute(Command.NEW_SESSION, parameters)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 319, in execute
    response = self.command_executor.execute(driver_command, params)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/remote_connection.py", line 374, in execute
    return self._request(command_info[0], url, body=data)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/remote_connection.py", line 397, in _request
    resp = self._conn.request(method, url, body=body, headers=headers)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/urllib3/request.py", line 79, in request
    **urlopen_kw)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/urllib3/request.py", line 142, in request_encode_body
    **urlopen_kw)
TypeError: urlopen() got multiple values for keyword argument 'body'

Followed other threads

TypeError: urlopen got multiple values for keyword argument 'body' while executing tests through Selenium and Python on Kubuntu 14.04

Tried

# python -m pip install --upgrade pip
/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pip/_vendor/urllib3/util/ssl_.py:369: SNIMissingWarning: An HTTPS request has been made, but the SNI (Server Name Indication) extension to TLS is not available on this platform. This may cause the server to present an incorrect TLS certificate, which can cause validation failures. You can upgrade to a newer version of Python to solve this. For more information, see https://urllib3.readthedocs.io/en/latest/advanced-usage.html#ssl-warnings
  SNIMissingWarning
/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pip/_vendor/urllib3/util/ssl_.py:160: InsecurePlatformWarning: A true SSLContext object is not available. This prevents urllib3 from configuring SSL appropriately and may cause certain SSL connections to fail. You can upgrade to a newer version of Python to solve this. For more information, see https://urllib3.readthedocs.io/en/latest/advanced-usage.html#ssl-warnings
  InsecurePlatformWarning
Requirement already up-to-date: pip in /usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (18.1)

urllib3 version

# aptitude show python-urllib3
Package: python-urllib3                  
State: installed
Automatically installed: yes
Version: 1.7.1-1ubuntu4.1
Priority: optional
Section: python
Maintainer: Ubuntu Developers <ubuntu-devel-discuss@lists.ubuntu.com>
Architecture: all
Uncompressed Size: 201 k
Depends: python:any (< 2.8), python:any (>= 2.7.5-5~), python-six
Recommends: ca-certificates
Description: HTTP library with thread-safe connection pooling for Python
 urllib3 supports features left out of urllib and urllib2 libraries. 

 * Re-use the same socket connection for multiple requests (HTTPConnectionPool and HTTPSConnectionPool) (with optional client-side certificate verification). 
 * File posting (encode_multipart_formdata). 
 * Built-in redirection and retries (optional). 
 * Supports gzip and deflate decoding. 
 * Thread-safe and sanity-safe. 
 * Small and easy to understand codebase perfect for extending and building upon.
Homepage: http://urllib3.readthedocs.org

I don't seem to be able to update urllib3 to a later version

https://pypi.org/project/urllib3/

Any further pointers?

UPDATE

Tried solution proposed by @Sanket to no avail

sudo apt-get remove python-urllib3
sudo pip install -U urllib3

Instead getting another issue

# python test.py 
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "test.py", line 6, in <module>
    driver = webdriver.Chrome(desired_capabilities=d)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/chrome/webdriver.py", line 81, in __init__
    desired_capabilities=desired_capabilities)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 157, in __init__
    self.start_session(capabilities, browser_profile)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 252, in start_session
    response = self.execute(Command.NEW_SESSION, parameters)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/webdriver.py", line 321, in execute
    self.error_handler.check_response(response)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/selenium/webdriver/remote/errorhandler.py", line 242, in check_response
    raise exception_class(message, screen, stacktrace)
selenium.common.exceptions.WebDriverException: Message: unknown error: Chrome failed to start: exited abnormally
  (unknown error: DevToolsActivePort file doesn't exist)
  (The process started from chrome location /usr/bin/chromium-browser is no longer running, so ChromeDriver is assuming that Chrome has crashed.)
  (Driver info: chromedriver=2.43.600233 (523efee95e3d68b8719b3a1c83051aa63aa6b10d),platform=Linux 4.4.0-31-generic x86_64)

So I reverted

pip uninstall urllib3

1 answer

  • answered 2018-11-08 00:40 Sanket Parlikar

    Took some risk and removed urllib 1.7.1 (default one that ships within Ubuntu 14.04). It may depend on your requirements if you want to take risk and uninstall it.

    sudo apt-get remove python-urllib3

    sudo pip install -U urllib3

    This fixed the issue for me.