Spring Boot + Thymeleaf css is not applied to template

I am evaluating Thymeleaf and Flying Saucer for pdf generation from templates, and I am having a problem with applying css to my Thymeleaf template. I already read the relevant questions & answers here, here, and here; but none of the suggested solutions fixed my problem.

This is how my resources folder looks like:

enter image description here

So I am using the default directories that Spring will look for. And that's how the head tag looks like in my template.html:

    <title>Spring Boot and Thymeleaf Example</title>
    <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8"/>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../static/css/style.css" th:href="@{/css/style.css}"/> 

If I inline my css in template.html then the generated pdf file will be styled properly (so there shouldn't be a problem with how I generate the pdf). However, when I try to link to the css file as shown above the generated pdf is not styled (so the css is not applied).

Lastly, I can access my css file at http://localhost:8080/css/style.css, so there doesn't seem to be a problem with Spring serving the static content.

For completeness, this is how I generate the pdf:

private final SpringTemplateEngine templateEngine;
private final Log log;

public PdfGenerator(SpringTemplateEngine templateEngine) {
    this.templateEngine = templateEngine;
    log = LogFactory.getLog(getClass());

public void generate(HttpServletRequest servletRequest, HttpServletResponse servletResponse, ServletContext servletContext) {
    // Parse the pdf template with Thymeleaf
    Locale locale = getLocale(servletRequest);
    WebContext context = new WebContext(servletRequest, servletResponse, servletContext, locale);
    context.setVariable("user", buildDummyUser());
    context.setVariable("discounts", buildDummyDiscounts());
    String html = templateEngine.process("template", context);

    // Create the pdf with Flying Saucer
    try (OutputStream outputStream = new FileOutputStream("generated.pdf")) {
        ITextRenderer renderer = new ITextRenderer();
    } catch (IOException | DocumentException e) {
        log.error("Error while generating pdf", e);

I am using WebContext instead of Context because I was getting the following error with Context:

org.thymeleaf.exceptions.TemplateProcessingException: Link base "/css/style.css" cannot be context relative (/...) unless the context used for executing the engine implements the org.thymeleaf.context.IWebContext interface

What am I missing here, why is my style.css not applied to template.html?

1 answer

  • answered 2018-11-08 08:37 Alien

    Syntax looks fine so the problem is not with the syntax.

    Also you cannot use @{...} syntax without an IWebContext interface so You are getting this exception.