How to install linux packages from source into docker container, specifically with the tensorflow docker image?

Working with Ubuntu 16.04, Docker 18.09. Currently working with Tensorflow Docker image from https://www.tensorflow.org/install/docker with GPU support.

Some packages are not available via Ubuntu package manger (apt-get), specifically something like conda or GDCM (https://github.com/malaterre/GDCM). How can I install it successfully from the source downloaded tarball in a local file? No issues with unpacking the tarball, cmake, make, and install. But the installed package is not detected/utilized.