Jest encountered an unexpected token when working with React TypeScript

I am building a reusable react component without using react-app and I am very new to Jest. I keep on getting this message. I have tried several post solutions on Stackoverflow but I am stuck at the moment:

● Test suite failed to run

Jest encountered an unexpected token

This usually means that you are trying to import a file which Jest cannot parse, e.g. it's not plain JavaScript.

By default, if Jest sees a Babel config, it will use that to transform your files, ignoring "node_modules".

Here's what you can do:
 • If you are trying to use ECMAScript Modules, see for how to enable it.
 • To have some of your "node_modules" files transformed, you can specify a custom "transformIgnorePatterns" in your config.
 • If you need a custom transformation specify a "transform" option in your config.
 • If you simply want to mock your non-JS modules (e.g. binary assets) you can stub them out with the "moduleNameMapper" config option.

You'll find more details and examples of these config options in the docs:


({"Object.<anonymous>":function(module,exports,require,__dirname,__filename,global,jest){import { DatePicker } from '../containers/DatePicker';

SyntaxError: Cannot use import statement outside a module

  at Runtime.createScriptFromCode (node_modules/jest-runtime/build/index.js:1350:14)

I have the following configuration but I cannot figure out why I cannot resolve the problem:

module.exports = {
  roots: ["<rootDir>/src"],
  testMatch: [
  transform: {
    "^.+\\.(ts|tsx)$": "ts-jest",
  coveragePathIgnorePatterns: [
  moduleNameMapper: {
    "\\.(css|less)$": "identity-obj-proxy",

Here is my tsconfigurations:

    "compilerOptions": {
        "lib": [
        "allowJs": true,
        "allowSyntheticDefaultImports": true,
        "skipLibCheck": true,
        "esModuleInterop": true,
        "strict": true,
        "forceConsistentCasingInFileNames": true,
        "moduleResolution": "node",
        "resolveJsonModule": true,
        "isolatedModules": true,
        "noEmit": true,
        "jsx": "react"
    "include": [

Here are my dev dependencies:

 "devDependencies": {
    "@babel/core": "^7.12.7",
    "@babel/plugin-transform-runtime": "^7.12.1",
    "@babel/preset-env": "^7.12.7",
    "@babel/preset-react": "^7.12.7",
    "@babel/preset-typescript": "^7.12.7",
    "@babel/runtime": "^7.12.5",
    "@teamsupercell/typings-for-css-modules-loader": "^2.4.0",
    "@types/fork-ts-checker-webpack-plugin": "^0.4.5",
    "@types/jest": "^26.0.15",
    "@types/react": "^17.0.0",
    "@types/react-dom": "^17.0.0",
    "@types/webpack": "^4.41.25",
    "@types/webpack-dev-server": "^3.11.1",
    "@typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin": "^4.8.1",
    "@typescript-eslint/parser": "^4.8.1",
    "babel-loader": "^8.2.1",
    "css-loader": "^5.0.1",
    "eslint": "^7.14.0",
    "eslint-plugin-react": "^7.21.5",
    "eslint-plugin-react-hooks": "^4.2.0",
    "fork-ts-checker-webpack-plugin": "^6.0.3",
    "jest": "^26.6.3",
    "style-loader": "^2.0.0",
    "ts-jest": "^26.4.4",
    "ts-node": "^9.0.0",
    "typescript": "^4.1.2",
    "webpack": "^5.6.0",
    "webpack-cli": "^4.2.0",
    "webpack-dev-server": "^3.11.0"

Any help will be much appreaciated!

1 answer

  • answered 2021-01-14 13:47 tmhao2005

    Looks like your test file is a js file (src\__tests__\DatePicker.spec.js) instead of ts?x file which means this pattern will never meet "^.+\\.(ts|tsx)$": "ts-jest".

    However, you might know tsc can also have capability to transpile your js code as well as long as you set allowJs: true as you already did. So I think your problem would be fixed as you refine your pattern to to transform above including jsx file:

      transform: {
        "^.+\\.(t|j)sx?$": "ts-jest",